Journal: 
Author: 
Mark Bampton, MS
Maryke N. Neiberg, OD
Title: 
Patients with Paranoid Symptoms: Considerations for the Optometrist
Abstract: 

 Pathological paranoia involves a pervasive style of thinking and relating to others that is unyielding to reason and is independent of transient influences. Paranoia associated with drug abuse, neurodegenerative disease, and mental health issues will be discussed and care strategies explored. Optometrists will undoubtedly encounter patients with varying degrees and forms of paranoid symptoms. In order to provide the best possible vision care for these patients, it is essential that the optometrist be well prepared for the tension and resistance that is likely to occur during the exam. This paper will focus on patients who exhibit problematic paranoid symptoms and the relevant considerations for optometry.

Keywords: drug abuse, neurodegenerative disease, optometrist, paranoia, traumatic brain injury